使用CocoaPods进行Xcode的项目依赖管理

2015/6/3 posted in  Cocoapods

我们来看一个Podfile文件事例

platform :ios, '5.0'
inhibit_all_warnings!

pod 'SDWebImage','~>3.2'
pod 'JASidePanels','~>1.3.1'
pod 'BlocksKit','~>1.8'
pod 'TTTAttributedLabel','~>1.7'
pod 'MBProgressHUD','~>0.6'
pod 'RTLabel','~>1.0'
pod 'KNSemiModalViewController','~>0.3'
pod 'SFHFKeychainUtils','~>0.0.1'
pod 'MBMvc',:git => 'git@github.com:alibaba/MBMvc.git'
pod 'RSA',:path => 'libs/Sources/RSA'

可以看到依赖的库不单单可以依赖官方库,还可以直接依赖某个git上的库(git=>标示)或者本地的库(path=>标示) 不过自己依赖的库需要自己写podspec文件,这个下节会详述

如上的Podfile有一个比较坑爹的事情就是 你这样写的话,只有对项目中的第一个target的起效,如果你的项目中有多个target的话怎么把依赖关系直接应用到每个target上,如下在

target :XXX_91 do
    pod 'Resources',:path => 'Resources'
end

target :XXX_Weiphone do
    pod 'Resources',:path => 'Resources'
end

target :XXX_Release do
    pod 'Resources',:path => 'Resources'
end

target :XXX_PreRelease do
    pod 'Resources',:path => 'Resources'
end

为每个target都加上一个pod依赖,那么这个target会被Pod整体的加上依赖和配置,因为依赖是会被继承的,除非特别指定:exclusive => true

详情见 http://docs.cocoapods.org/podfile.html#target

当你写好了Podfile,就可以直接执行pod install,这个时候pod就是为您建立起一个Pods项目,并且简历好一个workspace来包含Pods项目和你自己的项目,并在你的项目中直接依赖Pods项目产出的lib包

如果以后Podfile文件有变动的话,需要更新项目配置就不是执行pod install了 而是执行’pod update’,他会更新整个依赖和Pods项目..具体的依赖关系 可以直接cat Podfile.lock 来查看

怎么编写自己的PodSpec

PodSpec是对一个Pod项目的描述,pod可以根据PodSpec文件来指导需要拉那些文件下来编译以及设置编译的参数

详细的信息可以看http://docs.cocoapods.org/specification.html

Pod::Spec.new do |s|
  s.name         = "MBMvc"
  s.version      = "1.0.0"
  s.summary      = "MBMvc is a Message Based MVC framework."
  s.homepage     = "https://github.com/alibaba/MBMvc"

  s.license      = { :type => 'GPL2' , :text => <<-LICENSE
             (C) 2007-2013 Alibaba Group Holding Limited
             This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
             it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
             published by the Free Software Foundation.
 LICENSE
                    }

  s.author       = { "文通" => "wentong@taobao.com" }
  s.source       = { :git => "https://github.com/alibaba/MBMvc.git", :tag => "1.0.0" }


  s.platform     = :ios, '6.1'

  s.ios.deployment_target = '4.3'

  s.source_files = 'MBMvc/**/*.{h,m}'

  s.public_header_files = 'MBMvc/**/*.h'

  s.requires_arc = true

  s.prefix_header_contents = <<-EOS

#ifdef DEBUG
#define TBMB_DEBUG
#endif

EOS

end

如上可以看到一个很简单的描述文件..他执行了需要编译的源文件和头文件 以及是否支持ARC(这个很帅,不需要再自己去设置-fno-obj-arc了)..

但是很多时候我们依赖的不是源码而是framework甚至带有Resource,这里给出一个支持直接依赖framework和Resource的例子:

Pod::Spec.new do |s|
  s.name         = "Huoyan"
  s.version      = "1.0.0"
  s.summary      = "Huoyan"

  s.source_files = '**/*.h'
  s.preserve_paths = 'huoyan.framework','TBScanLib.framework'
  s.requires_arc = true
  s.frameworks = 'huoyan','TBScanLib'
  s.resource = "huoyan.bundle"
  s.xcconfig = { 'FRAMEWORK_SEARCH_PATHS' => '"$(SRCROOT)/libs/Frameworks/Huoyan"' } 

end

通过preserve_paths 留下framework文件,然后通过xcconfig来设置framework扫描路径来依赖framework

而资源文件的拷贝直接用s.resource = "huoyan.bundle"的方式 依赖

模块化

通过PodSpec的subspec 可以使一个项目能模块化输出功能 ,一个例子:

Pod::Spec.new do |s|
  s.name         = "iOS_Util"
  s.version      = "0.10.0"
  s.summary      = "Some iOS Util"

  s.license      = 'MIT'

  s.author       = { "文通" => "wentong@taobao.com" }


  s.platform     = :ios, '6.1'

  s.ios.deployment_target = '4.3'

  s.subspec 'Common' do |cos|
    cos.source_files = 'iOS_Util/Common/*.{h,m}'
    cos.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/Common/*.h'
  end

  s.subspec 'Core' do |cs|
    cs.source_files = 'iOS_Util/Core/*.{h,m}'
    cs.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/Core/*.h'
    cs.dependency 'libextobjc', '0.2.5'
  end

  s.subspec 'Json' do |js|
    js.source_files = 'iOS_Util/Json/*.{h,m}'
    js.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/Json/*.h'
    js.dependency 'iOS_Util/Core'
  end

  s.subspec 'Bean' do |bs|
    bs.source_files = 'iOS_Util/Bean/*.{h,m}'
    bs.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/Bean/*.h'
    bs.dependency 'iOS_Util/Core'
  end

  s.subspec 'DB' do |ds|
    ds.source_files = 'iOS_Util/DB/*.{h,m}'
    ds.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/DB/*.h'
    ds.dependency 'FMDB/standard' ,'~> 2.1'
    ds.dependency 'iOS_Util/Common'
    ds.dependency 'iOS_Util/Core'
  end

  s.subspec 'WebP' do |ws|
    ws.source_files = 'iOS_Util/WebP/*.{h,m}'
    ws.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/WebP/*.h'
    ws.dependency 'libwebp' ,'~> 0.3.0-rc7'
    ws.frameworks = 'CoreGraphics'
  end

  s.subspec 'Location' do |ls|
    ls.source_files = 'iOS_Util/Location/*.{h,m}'
    ls.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/Location/*.h'
    ls.dependency 'iOS_Util/Common'
    ls.dependency 'iOS_Util/DB'
    ls.frameworks = 'CoreLocation' ,'MapKit'
    ls.resource = 'iOS_Util/Location/chinaDivision.sqlite'
  end

  s.subspec 'AMR' do |as|
    as.source_files = 'iOS_Util/AMR/**/*.{h,m,mm}'
    as.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/AMR/**/*.h'
    as.preserve_paths = "iOS_Util/AMR/**"
    as.library   = 'opencore-amrnb','opencore-amrwb'
    as.xcconfig  = { 'LIBRARY_SEARCH_PATHS' => '"$(PODS_ROOT)/iOS_Util/iOS_Util/AMR/lib"' }
  end

  s.subspec 'Cache' do |cas|
    cas.source_files = 'iOS_Util/Cache/*.{h,m,mm}'
    cas.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/Cache/*.h'
    cas.dependency 'iOS_Util/Common'
  end

  s.subspec 'Preference' do |ps|
    ps.source_files = 'iOS_Util/Preference/*.{h,m,mm}'
    ps.public_header_files = 'iOS_Util/Preference/*.h'
    ps.dependency 'iOS_Util/Json'
  end

  s.requires_arc = true



end

可以看到通过subspec可以区分出不同的模块,而且模块间也能依赖

而在其他项目要用到的时候在Podfile里面可以

pod 'iOS_Util/Json',:git => 'git@gitlab.alibaba-inc.com:tbw/ios_util.git'

这样的方式来直接依赖其中一个模块的代码,而其他模块的代码不会被打包进来

参考

cocoapods添加github上自制类库_2_添加subspec
使用CocoaPods进行Xcode的项目依赖管理